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Trappers, Traders & Explorers
The Land American Indians Trappers, Traders & Explorers Pioneers & Cowboys
Mining & Railroads Statehood & the Progressive Era From War to War Utah Today

1. Understand the significance of New Mexico as the springboard for the early exploration of Utah.

a. The Rivera Expedition
b. Seeking Adventure
c. Dominguez-Escalante Expedition

2. Be familiar with the first known Euro-American to enter the present boundaries of Utah--Juan Maria Antonio Rivera--and be able to explain the area of Utah he and his expedition traversed and the reasons for his travel.

a. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men
b. Rivera Expedition (1763)
c. The White Mesa Utes
d. Setting the Stage; Native America Revisited

3. Understand the significance of the 1776 Dominguez-Escalante Expedition including the reasons for the expedition, the route traversed, and their descriptions and impressions of Utah and its native inhabitants.

                    a. Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
                    b. Great Salt Lake  
                    c. Colorado River
                    d. Brief History of Utah 
                    e. The White Mesa Utes 
                     f. The Northern Utes of Utah 
                    g. The Utes, Southern Paiutes, and Goshutes 

4. Understand the significance of the Old Spanish Trail as an overland route between New Mexico and California and trace its general route through Utah.

                    a. The Spanish Trail Cut A Roundabout Path Through Utah 
                    b. Seeking Adventure 
                    c. Fremont's Exploration
                    d. The Red Rock Country 
                    e. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men 
                     f. Setting the Stage; Native America Revisited 
                    g. The Northern Utes of Utah 

5. Understand the reasons for the development of the fur trade and the role Utah played in the international competition between Great Britain, the United States, and New Mexico including the events at Mountain Green in 1825. What countries were trying to control the American West?

                    a. Mountain Green 
                    b. John Weber 
                    c. Jim Bridger
                    d. Peter Skene Ogden 
                    e. Provost 

6. Be familiar with Peter Skene Ogden and the activities of the British Hudson's Bay Company in Utah.

                     a. Peter Skene Ogden 
                     b. Mountain Green in 1825 
                     c. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men 
                     d. Mountain Men 
                     e. Jedediah Smith 

7. Be familiar with some of the major American fur trappers and their activities in Utah including William H. Ashley, Jedediah Smith, Jim Bridger, James Beckwourth, John Weber, and Miles Goodyear. Who discovered the Great Salt Lake?

                    a. Jedediah Smith 
                    b. Jim Bridger 
                    c. John Weber 
                    d. James Beckwourth 
                    e. Miles Goodyear
                     f. Wasatch Mountains 
                    g. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men

8. Be familiar with the contributions the mountain men made to the settlement of the American West in the 1840s.
                    a. Uinta Basin 
                    b. Brief History of Utah 

9. Be acquainted with the fur trapper rendezvous held in or near Utah from 1825-1828. What is the purpose of a rendezvous.
                    a. Settlers Had No Medicine to Help Them Through 
                    b. Mountain Men 
                    c. Jim Bridger 
                    d. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men 
                    e. James Beckwourth 

10. Understand the activities and contributions of the New Mexican Traders, especially Etienne Provost and Antoine Robidoux.
                    a. Etienne Provost
                    b. Provo Area 
                    c. Trappers, Traders, and Mountain Men 
                    d. Mountain Men 
                    e. Antoine Robidoux 
                     f. Utah's Early Forts 
                    g. Fort Robidoux 
                    h. The Utes, Southern Paiutes, and Goshutes 

11. Be familiar with the location and the reasons for establishment of Fort Bridger and Fort Buenaventura.
                    a. Ogden 
                    b. Miles Goodyear
                    c. Spanish Doubloons and Mormon Gold 
                    d. Utah's Early Forts 
                    e. Overland Migrations 
                     f. Jim Bridger 

12. Be acquainted with John C. Fremont and his three expeditions in Utah between 1843 and 1853.
                    a. John Charles Fremont 
                    b. Fremont's Exploration 
                    c. Fremont Explores Great Salt Lake 
                    d. Bonneville Salt Flats 

13. Be familiar with the first overland party to travel through Utah--the Bartleson Bidwell Party in 1841--and their route through Utah. Where were they going?
                    a. Bartleson Bidwell Party 
                    b. The Ways West 

14. Understand the relationship of Utah to the Oregon and California Trails and the significance of Lansford Hasting's proposed cutoff across the Great Salt Lake Desert.
                    a. Hastings Cutoff  
                    b. The Salt Lake Cutoff and the California Trail 
                    c. The Ways West 
                    d. Ho! For the Great Salt Lake 
                    e. Overland Migrations 
                     f. Chief Pocatello 

15. Be familiar with the 1846 emigrant groups that crossed through Utah on the Hasting's Cutoff--especially the ill-fated Donner-Reed Party. What were the important contributions to Utah made by the emigrant trains of 1846?
                    a. Harlan Young Party 
                    b. Donner Party 
                    c. Bryant Russell Party 
                    d. Bartleson Bidwell Party 

16. Understand the role of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War and the discovery of gold in California.
                    a. Mormon Battalion 
                    b. Great Salt Lake Valley 
                    c. Scholars to Establish Utah as Missing Link in History of Overland Migration 
                    d. Early Utahns had Dreams of California 

17. Understand that Utah was a part of Mexico when Mormons settled the Salt Lake Valley in 1847.
                   a. Brief History of Utah 
                   b. The War With Mexico Had a Major Effect On Utah History 

18. Be acquainted with the process by which Utah was acquired from Mexico as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.
                    a. Brief History of Utah 
                    b. The War With Mexico Had a Major Effect On Utah History 

19. Be acquainted with the surveys for a transcontinental railroad route through Utah in the 1850s by Edward F. Beale and John Gunnison.
                    a. The Great Camel Experiment 
                    b. Camel Corps Couldn't Get Over the Hump 
                    c. Bear River 
                    d. Brief History of Utah 
                    e. The Northern Utes of Utah 
                     f. Walker War 

20. Be familiar with John Wesley Powell and his epic journey down the Green and Colorado Rivers in 1869.
                     a. John Wesley Powell 
                     b. Colorado River 
                     c. The Green River 
                     d. Strawberry Valley 
                     e. Powell Spends Christmas in "Mormondom" 


UTAH CHAPTERS
The Land
American Indians
Trappers, Traders, & Explorers
Pioneers & Cowboys
Mining & Railroads
Statehood & the Progressive Era
From War to War
Utah Today