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Change and Creativity
Struggle for Statehood
Struggle for Statehood Chronology
In 1895 Utahns Wondered When Statehood Would Come
A State is Born
Party Politics and Utah Statehood
The Constitutional Convention is Called
Constitution Was Framed in City and County Building
African American Community and Politics, 1890-1910
The Broad Ax and the Plain Dealer Kept Utah's African Americans Informed
Clarence E. Allen Was Utah's First Congressman
How Utah Lost One of Its U.S. Senate Seats in 1899
Salt Lake Native Was Interred in the Kremlin Wall
The Shooting of Arthur Brown, Ex-Senator From Utah
Convict Labor Helped to Build Utah's Road
Strawberry Valley, 1st Federal Reclamation Project
Women's Suffrage in Utah
Woman Suffrage Dominated Politics in Utah
Kanab Residents Chose Women to Run Their Town, 1912
Ruth May Fox, Forgotten Suffragist
Soren Hanson's "House That Eggs Built"
Utah Arts Council
Utah State Historical Society
The Beginning of Public Support For Libraries
The Pasta King of the Mountain West
Celebrating the New Year in Salt Lake's Chinatown
Electrifying Utah-Engineer Lucien L. Nunn
A Brewer-Sportsman's Prairie Style Home in Ogden
Saltair
Saltair Village Was a Unique Place to Live
Boxing Fans Take the Plunge at Saltair
Castilla Hot Springs Attracted Many Visitors
Minstrel Shows
Utah State Capitol
Utah in the Spanish American War
Captain Richard W. Young and Spanish-American War
A Soldier's Life at Fort Douglas in the Early 1900's
Methodist Women Missionaries Worked Hard in Utah
Flour Mills
Guano Sifters on Gunnison Island
The Lehi Beet Sugar Factory
The Salt Industry Was One of the First Enterprises
From Free Salt to a Major Industry
Hospitals and Health Crazes in the Late 1800's
The Myths and Legends of Butch Cassidy
Butch Cassidy
Would the New State of Utah Go Metric?
A Look at Working Women in the Early 20th Century
Jobs in 1900
Explosion of Pleasant Valley Coal Company
The Lucin Cutoff
Southern Utah's First High School
Life Was Precarious in Turn-of-the-Century Utah
Salt Lake City Had Its Typhoid Mary
Vaccinations in Wasatch County
Promoting Physical Fitness
Woman's Home Association Tried to Help the "Fallen"
Juvenile Delinquency Posed Problems For Utahns
Traveling Gypsies Brought an Exotic Lifestyle to Utah
The First Large Factory in Utah
The Rise and Fall of Ogden's Packing Industry
Newsboys Claimed Their Street Corners in Downtown
The Bamberger Electric Railway
The First Cars in Two Small Towns
A Bicyclist Challenges the Great Salt Lake Desert
Daredevils of the Sky-Early Aeronauts in Utah
Ogden Defeats Salt Lake City in a War of the Wheels
Utah's Immigrants at the Turn of the Century
Boys' Potato Growing Clubs
Joe Hill and the I.W.W.
Socialist Women and Joe Hill
A Bit of Polynesia Remains
Justice Zane and Antipolygamy
The Salt Lake Valley Smelter War

Thomas G. Alexander
Utah, the Right Place
Condensed by Brittany Nelson

After the admission of Nevada to the Union in 1864 and Colorado in 1876, low population and political controversy kept Utah's neighboring territories from statehood until 1889-90 when North and South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Wyoming, and Idaho came in. Arizona and New Mexico had to wait until 1912 for admission partly because of the racial prejudice of northern Europeans against the large Latino population. 

Utah had a larger population than any of the northern tier territories except Washington, and, except for the prejudice against Mormons--akin to the racism aimed then at Latinos and Native Americans--perhaps a better claim to statehood. Utahns tried unsuccessfully for admission six times (1849, 1856, 1862, 1872, 1882, and 1887) before they finally succeeded in 1896. With the possible exception of the cultural differences created by the large Latino population in New Mexico, the cultural chasm between Utah and the rest of the nation was the largest of any in the territory. 

Following statehood, during the Progressive Era, like people in most other states, Utahns tried to mend the rips in the community caused by large corporations, commercial agriculture, and urban growth. In Utah, a combination of progressivism, feminism, boosterism, Mormon community spirit, and corporate influence produced an unusual mixture of progressivism and conservatism. Harboring a humane and progressive community spirit and acting before most other state, Utahns passed laws to mitigate the most perilous hazards of work and life by enacting an eight-hour law for underground mines, requiring the inspection of coal mines, shielding women and children from dangerous occupations, regulating adulterated food, and establishing a minimum wage for women. Accepting the political equality of the sexes, Utah men shared power with women earlier than in most other estates. Nevertheless, conservative American individualism led Utahns to lag behind most other states in adopting workers' compensation, in regulating monopolistic public utilities, and in inaugurating political democracy. Utah fell in the mid-range of states in moral reform such as the prohibition of alcoholic beverages.

Migration also occurred at the turn of the twentieth century. Attacked by jobs and entice by labor agents such as Leonidas Skliris, people from southern and eastern Europe--especially Italians, Greeks, and Slavs--together with some Asians, especially Japanese, came to work in the mines and smelters, to open businesses, and to replicate their Old World cultures. Some of the southern and eastern Europeans added the orthodox religious tradition to those already in place, and the Chinese and Japanese brought Asian religions, especially Buddhism.

 

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