Utah History to Go
High Birthrates and Education
A Meaning For Utah's Postwar Experience
Cold War, Korean War, & Utah's Defense Establishment
Salt Lake's Post War Calamities
Carbon County's Post War Attempts at Progression
War and Protest
Cold War Prosperity
German Heroes Immigrate to Utah
"Hurricane Sam" Gave Pilots a Safety Edge
Chemical Weapons Created Controversy at Dugway
Uranium Mining in Utah
Utah's Uranium Boom
Utah's Black Gold: The Petroleum Industry
Radiation Death and Deception
Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders
"Police Action" in Korea
From the Atomic Age to War Games
Aneth Oil Field
The MX Missile Project
Education Expansion
High Birthrates and Education
Legislative Malapportionment & Rural Domination
Political Pandemonium
Senator Joseph McCarthy's 1950 Visit to SLC
McCarthyism, Granger, and Stringfellow
The Civil Rights Movement in Utah
Native Americans in Post War Utah
A Black Mormon Family in Postwar Utah
The Rise of Utah's Latino Population
Equal Rights Amendment
Religious Diversity in Utah's Dixie
Utah and Vietnam Conflict
Utah's New Commonwealth Economy
Central Utah Project
Rise and Fall of the Turkey Empire
She Promoted SLC's Convention Business
Utah's First State Park
Daredevil Georgie White Ran Utah's Great Rivers
Adventures of an Early Hot Rodder
Ballet West
Theater in Utah
Salt Lake Theatre
Utah Jazz
City Planning in Ogden
After Boom & Bust Cycles Moab Just Keeps Pedaling
Glen Canyon Dam Controversy
Lake Powell
The Burgeoning Tourism Industry
Interstate 70
Suburbia and the Freeway
The Canyonlands National Park Controversy
Some Meanings of Utah History
Brutal Murders and Executions
Hostage Taking and Explosives in Salt Lake
Utah Children Won Recognition For Philo T. Farnsworth
Colorful and Controversial Joseph Bracken Lee
Dr. Willem Kolff's Artificial Heart
Thomas G. Alexander
Utah, The Right Place

Adequate funding for education has been the single most-difficult problem Utah has faced. At 21.8 per thousand people in 1990, Utah had the third highest birthrate in the nation after the District of Columbia and Alaska, and a rate higher than the national average of 16.7 per thousand. Two urban counties, Utah and Salt Lake, had the first and second highest birthrates of any counties in the nation. In 1992, Utah's average family size at 3.66 was above the national average of 3.16. There is little wonder that between 1980 and 1990 the number of school-age children in the state actually grew from 24 to 26 percent of the population.

Utahns can gain some comfort since its birthrate has declined, just as the birthrate of the remainder of the nation, but at a slower rate. The fertility rate for Utah women declined by 25 percent during the 1980s. In 1992, Utah's fertility rate was just 2.6 births per woman compared with a national average of 2.0.

Still, with large numbers of children flooding its schools, Utah financed its public education through large classes and low teacher salaries. In 1989, with 24.8 students per teacher, Utah had the highest pupil-teacher ratio in the nation. With a per pupil expenditure of $2,579, Utah ranked dead last among the states. By the 1992-93 school year, Utah had reduced its class size but only to 22.78 students per teacher, which was still significantly above the national average. The average salary of $28,825 for teachers in 1991-92 ranked Utah forty-sixth among the fifty states and District of Columbia.

Utah has not suffered as some states might have under the pressure of under funded education because the state attracts excellent teachers who prefer to live in Utah, and the strongly pro-family Mormon culture, which emphasizes a strong sense of community, has served as a surrogate for adequate funding. The relatively homogenous population with more than 70 percent Mormons used its small resources to great advantage by supporting education through volunteerism, strong family values, and positive cultural attitudes. As a result, Utah ranked ninth in the nation in 1989 with a high-school graduation rate of 82.1 percent and forty-third with a dropout rate of only 17.9 percent. Moreover, the scores of Utah high-school graduates ranked above the national average on both the ACT and SAT and fifth in national standardized tests in 1994, while eleventh graders ranked in the fifty-third and fifty-fifth percentiles and eight graders in the fiftieth percentile. The students seemed to do best in math and thinking skills and poorest in English and social science, but even in those areas, the students tend to rank above the national average.


The Land
American Indians
Trappers, Traders, & Explorers
Pioneers & Cowboys
Mining & Railroads
Statehood & the Progressive Era
From War to War
Utah Today