Utah History to Go
War and Protest
A Meaning For Utah's Postwar Experience
Cold War, Korean War, & Utah's Defense Establishment
Salt Lake's Post War Calamities
Carbon County's Post War Attempts at Progression
War and Protest
Cold War Prosperity
German Heroes Immigrate to Utah
"Hurricane Sam" Gave Pilots a Safety Edge
Chemical Weapons Created Controversy at Dugway
Uranium Mining in Utah
Utah's Uranium Boom
Utah's Black Gold: The Petroleum Industry
Radiation Death and Deception
Nuclear Testing and the Downwinders
"Police Action" in Korea
From the Atomic Age to War Games
Aneth Oil Field
The MX Missile Project
Education Expansion
High Birthrates and Education
Legislative Malapportionment & Rural Domination
Political Pandemonium
Senator Joseph McCarthy's 1950 Visit to SLC
McCarthyism, Granger, and Stringfellow
The Civil Rights Movement in Utah
Native Americans in Post War Utah
A Black Mormon Family in Postwar Utah
The Rise of Utah's Latino Population
Equal Rights Amendment
Religious Diversity in Utah's Dixie
Utah and Vietnam Conflict
Utah's New Commonwealth Economy
Central Utah Project
Rise and Fall of the Turkey Empire
She Promoted SLC's Convention Business
Utah's First State Park
Daredevil Georgie White Ran Utah's Great Rivers
Adventures of an Early Hot Rodder
Ballet West
Theater in Utah
Salt Lake Theatre
Utah Jazz
City Planning in Ogden
After Boom & Bust Cycles Moab Just Keeps Pedaling
Glen Canyon Dam Controversy
Lake Powell
The Burgeoning Tourism Industry
Interstate 70
Suburbia and the Freeway
The Canyonlands National Park Controversy
Some Meanings of Utah History
Brutal Murders and Executions
Hostage Taking and Explosives in Salt Lake
Utah Children Won Recognition For Philo T. Farnsworth
Colorful and Controversial Joseph Bracken Lee
Dr. Willem Kolff's Artificial Heart
Linda Sillitoe
History of Salt Lake County

Salt Lake County residents closely watched the escalating war in Southeast Asia, and both support and protest tended to focus within the valley, where military industry played a major role. The state sent "more than its share of young men to Vietnam," placing fifth in military participation despite the deferments available for LDS missions, college attendance, or starting families, all of which were more common among Utah's young men than among other Americans. The media gave the war considerable coverage, and community projects such as "Operation Friendship" in 1966 and "Operation Schoolhouse" a year later offered support to the South Vietnamese people.

The University of Utah sponsored a marathon volleyball game for the latter cause, yet the campus also echoed the growing dissent voiced at universities and colleges nationwide. History professor James Clayton gained national attention with his argument that war-related costs would eventually triple the $330 billion cost of the war, in addition to the human suffering that any war inflicted. Between 1959 and 1969, he noted, more had been spent on the Vietnam War than during the nation's history for police protection or higher education in public institutions.

As television brought the war into the nation's living rooms with immediacy never before known, many students voiced outrage. Styles on campuses changed as long straight hair, bell-bottom trousers, bare feet and midriffs, peace signs, large dogs, and clouds of cigarette smoke visually identified passive or active dissenters. In 1965 a protest march in Salt Lake City drew forty demonstrators; by 1969 more than four thousand joined a daylong moratorium beginning with speeches at the University of Utah Union Building followed by a march down South Temple Street to the Federal Building on First South and State streets. Speakers demanded the United States' withdrawal from Vietnam, and Reverend G. Edward Howlett of St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral read the names of Utahns who had died in the war. Westminster College students also gathered to debate the efficacy of the war.

That same day, more than two hundred counter-demonstrators gathered at the City and County Building for a pro-war rally. Salt Lake City commissioner Jake Garn told the crowd, "if the moratorium were successful, the United States would be communist and 40,000 American lives would have been sacrificed in vain." In fact he, "blamed protestors for prolonging the war and aiding the enemy." All in all, the Salt Lake Tribune declared the moratorium on 15 October 1969 the largest peace demonstration in the state's history.

Most protests at the University of Utah and in the valley were peaceful, and generally the administration granted students a forum; however, a bomb was set in the Naval Science Building and an old barracks in use as a bookstore was burned. Several arrests were made following one protest, and administrators sided with the prosecution while the Utah chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union supported the students. The ACLU also represented Henry L. Huey in a successful national effort to prevent the military from reclassifying the draft status of protestors.

Governor Calvin Rampton refused to become ruffled by protestors despite the defiant rhetoric that upset some officials on campus and civic leaders downtown. When a group turned up one evening on the governor's doorstep, the students were welcomed by First Lady Lucybeth Rampton, given soft drinks, and seated for a chat with the governor while Highway Patrol officers listened nearby. After taking a few photographs for The Chronicle, the students dispersed.


The Land
American Indians
Trappers, Traders, & Explorers
Pioneers & Cowboys
Mining & Railroads
Statehood & the Progressive Era
From War to War
Utah Today